Pigmentation is nothing other than melanin formation within your skin which acts as a natural barrier against UVA & UVB rays of the sun. It protects us from cancer but also darkens the skin. Also the degree if pigmentation varies from person to person. The melanin is generated by the epidermal layer of your skin which has special melanin producing cells. This helps when you are not wearing any sunscreen.
On your face, pigment production may not always be even, which causes darker patches in specific parts of the face, generally the forehead and around the lips. This is a case of hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes your skin to darken. This can affect patches of your skin or your entire body. Age spots, also called liver spots, are a common type of hyperpigmentation.
Pigmentation treatment at home
There are several ways that you can treat hyperpigmentation at home. While several of the remedies we share here are anecdotal, some research suggests their main ingredients work on skin pigmentation.
Apple cider vinegar
Mix together half a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and 1 tablespoon of honey. Dab on the mixture to those parts of your face where the skin is hyper-pigmented. If you want, you can apply it as a facemask to your entire face. Let the mixture sit for 15 minutes after which you can wash off with cool water.
Apply aloe vera thickly on your face before going to bed. Wash off your face the next morning. And for better results apply a gloss face pack to your skin right afterwards. Face packs like Aroma Magic Anti-pigmentation Glossy Pack can de-tan your face, and take care of acne and inflammation
Regular application of onion can screen your skin from the sun's UV rays and prevent aggravation of hyper-pigmentation. The antioxidants present in onions prevent oxidative stress that damages skin cells and leads to hyper pigmentation.
Green tea extract
green tea leaves, then soak them in cool water. Wait long enough to allow the leaves to steep and let their contents out. Dab the fluid to the hyper-pigmented areas with a cotton ball. Wash off after 15 minutes with cool water
Milk, buttermilk, and even sour milk have all been shown to effectively lighten skin discoloration. Lactic acid is the ingredient responsible for this effect. To use any of these to treat pigmentation: Soak a cotton ball in the milk. Rub it over darkened skin patches twice a day. Repeat daily until you see results.
Squeeze out half a tomato or pump it with a mortar and pestle. Add a small dollop of honey and mix the two thoroughly. Now apply it to your face and wash off with a gentle face wash after 15 minutes.
Orchid extracts are just as effective as vitamin C hyperpigmentation remedies, according to research Trusted Source. Applying orchid-rich extracts to the skin for eight weeks improved the size and appearance of dark patches.
You really don't have to worry your head over hyper-pigmentation. It happens to everyone. But there are plenty of ways you can eliminate them. Try out suggestions religiously and you will see positive results in a few months.